California’s Hydrologic Cycle

The hydrologic, or water cycle is the movement of water
on, above, below, and through the earth’s surface. Processes of the hydrologic cycle include precipitation, runoff, evaporation/evapotranspiration, and condensation.
Processes occurring within the hydrologic cycle are important for both human and ecological systems. For most of California, humans and other living things rely on the annual accumulation and melt‐off of the Sierra Nevada snowpack. The Sierra snowpack acts as a free reservoir feeding
traditional reservoirs and streams. Ecosystems of the Sierra rely on the snowpack as a means of water supply, such as fish populations who rely on snowmelt for migration upstream to spawning grounds. The mechanisms that drive the hydrologic cycle determine whether precipitation falls as rain or snow, which drives how quickly precipitation
flows into streams or infiltrates the groundwater, which dictates water availability for plants and reservoirs, which determines types of vegetation and water supply for humans.
An explanation of the hydrologic cycle as it occurs in California:
Water vapor can be added to an air mass by evaporation from the ocean, fresh water bodies, wet land surfaces, or by transpiration from plants. The Pacific Ocean provides a large reservoir of water for evaporation to occur.
Once water vapor has evaporated off the earth’s surface, the resultant air mass must undergo cooling in order to condense.
Condensation is the change of the physical phase of water from the gas to the liquid phase and generally refers to the formation of clouds in the atmosphere, but can also occur in the formation of
dew and frost.
Once the dew point has been reached, water vapor will then condense and form water droplets and, if this process of condensation continues, precipitation results. Precipitation is the general name given for any form of condensed water that
falls to the earth’s surface. Some common examples of precipitation include rain, snow, sleet, and hail.
The majority of the precipitation California experiences on an annual basis occurs during the winter and spring. Winter storms form over the Pacific Ocean and travel eastward towards the
coast and into the Central Valley typically in the form of liquid rainfall. As storms move east out of the valley, and encounters a mountain range, the air mass is forced to rise.
As the air mass rises, it expands and cools, called the orographic effect. This effect plays a major role in the hydrologic cycle in the Sierra Nevada, resulting in large unloading of precipitation onto
the Sierra Nevada. As storms are forced further up in elevation, the air mass cools further and precipitation falls as snow. The geographic area that this change occurs is referred to as the rain‐
snow transition. Below the rain‐snow transition, the land is dominated by precipitation in the form of rain. Above the transition, snow dominates the precipitation phase.
A mixture of rain and snow account for much of the precipitation at the rain‐snow transition. Snow dominated areas serve as a major reservoir for California water supplies. Whether you live in The
San Francisco Bay Area, greater Los Angeles area, or the Central Valley of California, your drinking water comes, either directly or indirectly, from the Sierra Nevada snow pack.
The following are additional process occurring within California’s hydrologic cycle: Runoff is the movement of water over the land
surface. When runoff reaches a stream, it is called stream flow, or the flow of surface water contained in a stream channel.
Water that does not flow to the stream channel as overland flow goes into the ground as infiltration. This water is referred to as groundwater. Groundwater plays a very important role in
recharging streams in the Sierra Nevada, providing water to plants, as a storage reservoir, and recharging streams and aquifers in the Central Valley.
The movement of water from the liquid phase at the earth’s surface to the gas phase in the atmosphere is accomplished through two main pathways: 1) Water evaporates from surface water bodies (evaporation); and, 2) Water is transpired
from plants (transpiration). Together, this process is called evapotranspiration.
Sublimation is the process by which snow evaporates directly into the atmosphere without ever melting.

What Kind of Pump Do You Need?

Pumps are precisely-engineered instruments meant for specific applications. Here’s a general primer on what types of pump are built for which applications.

Sump Pumps

Sump pumps prevent residential flooding by draining accumulated groundwater from basement sump pits and depositing that water outside of a building. When water moisture builds up in the earth beneath the basement concrete, pressure increases and pushes up. Wet and damp spots will result. If left unattended for long periods of time, the pressure could eventually even crack the concrete.

You May Need If: If you notice wet spots, if you notice moldy or damp areas in your basement, if you live in an area with heavy rainfall which will eventually seep into the ground.

Battery backup sump pumps are used as a second line of defense against basement flooding should your home power fail. The backup pump is inserted into the same pit as the primary sump pump. The battery activates during a power failure and most can operate for several hours.

Battery backups are perfect if you already have a sump pump. If you are installing a whole new system and want a backup, consider buying a complete system with primary and backup pumps included.

Water-powered backup sump pumps are useful if you do not wish to rely on a battery backup. Inserted into the same basin as the primary sump pump, the backup has a float switch that is located above the primary switch. If/when the primary pump fails, the water level will rise, triggering the higher float and activating the backup pump.

You May Need If: You are worried about losing power to your primary sump pump.

Sewage Pumps

Sewage pumps are used to move wastewater from a building and into a sanitary sewer line or septic tank. Sewage pumps are specifically for applications in which the wastewater is located below the sewer line and needs to ejected upward. Most sewage pumps can handle waste solids up to 2” in diameter.

You May Need If: The point of wastewater collection is below grade or downhill from a sewer line or septic tank. For instance, if you have a bathroom in a basement you might not need a sewage pump.

Grinder Pumps

Grinder pumps are specialized sewage pumps that are used to macerate waste solids more than 2” in diameter into a fine slurry. This allows the grinder to pump higher than a standard sewage ejector pump.

You May Need If: You already have a sewage system but excessive solids are present in the system or you need to pump higher than a regular sewage pump will allow.

Effluent Pumps

Effluent pumps are used to move greywater from a building to a sanitary sewer line. Greywater is water that has been gently “used,” usually in a washing application, such as sink water, shower water, water from dishwashers and laundry machine discharge. (Important note: this does not include used toilet water, which is considered sewage). Since greywater will often include particles of soap and detergent, effluent pumps are built to handle solids up to ¾” in diameter.

You May Need If: You need to pump greywater up to a sanitary sewer line, much like with a sewage pump application.

Heating

Circulator Pumps

Circulators move hot water inside a closed circuit so that it is immediately available at the tap. Most systems only move cold water in a circuit, meaning that you have to wait for your water heater to send hot water to a tap. This results in annoyance, water waste and higher costs.

You May Need If: You are tired of waiting for hot water at the tap and want it immediately.

Getting Water From a Well

Jet Well Pumps

Jet pumps use suction to draw water up from a well. The pump is mounted above the well attached to a pipe that extends down to the water table. The force of jet suction creates atmospheric pressure in the pipe which moves the water up – think of it like using a straw. Shallow well jet pumps can draw from water tables up to 25 ft. underground. Anything deeper and you should use a deep well jet pump.

Convertible jet well pumps also sit above ground but come equipped with a submersible jet ejector assembly that can be used to increase the operating depth to about 90 ft.

You May Need If: You rely on a well for your water needs and your well casing is less than 4” diameter (a submersible would not fit).

Submersible Well Pumps

Submersible well pumps are actually inserted into the well and eject the water upwards (as opposed to using suction). Submersible well pumps are generally more compact, more efficient and quieter than jet pumps. A submersible well needs no priming and being submerged helps cool the motor.

You May Need If: You have a well and your well casing is greater than 4” in diameter.

Lawn Sprinkling

Lawn Sprinkler pumps are used to transport water from a water source to a sprinkler system. Can also be used for irrigation purposes.

You May Need If: You have a built-in sprinkler system.

Decorative

Fountain pumps are used for powering waterscapes, pond aeration and decorative water displays. Fountain pumps work with different types of filters to create displays.

You May Need If: You are an aesthete and you want to liven up the water fountain outside of your home.

Pond pumps are used to circulate water in a pond, stream, waterfall or filtration system.

You May Need If: You have a pond.

Water Pressure

Booster pumps are supplemental pumps that work with a pressure tank to increase water pressure within a system. Keep in mind that a booster might not affect the volume of the water you receive, just the pressure.

You May Need If: You are dissatisfied with the amount of water pressure you are receiving at the tap, you are the building manager of a multistory building and the water pressure dissipates on higher level floors, etc.

General

Utility pumps are compact, portable dewatering pumps designed for either indoor and outdoor use. They are suitable for removing water in a wide range of applications, such as sucking water off of a wet floor, though they are not appropriate for use in sump basins.

You May Need If: You have a general water moving application and no other category of pump quite fits.

The Cost of Drilling a New Water Well

Drilling a new well is not a cheap thing to do these day’s and a dry well can be very expensive. First of all there are 3 different methods of drilling we us here in Southern California.

Air Drilling Method – When your property is in the foothills and mountains you are most likely going to have an air drilling well. Out of the 3 different methods of drilling, drilling by air is the fastest and the best deal by far. Here are your average costs involved in a 500 foot well:

Permit $600.00
Mobilization & Demobilization $2,500.00
State Seal & Steel Casing $2,500.00
Drilling @ $22.00 per ft. $11,000.00
4 1/2″ Screened PVC liner @ $8.00 per ft. $4,000.00
Total 500 ft. Drilling $20,600.00

Drill & Drive Casing Drilling Method – This method is used on river bottoms or areas where there is a lot of gravel. We use this method a lot in the desert or low lying areas and ancient river beds. This allows us to drill without the hole caving in on top of out drill bit.

Permit $600.00
Mobilization & Demobilization $2,500.00
State Seal & Steel Casing $2,500.00
Drill & Drive Casing @ 42.00 per ft. $21,000.00
Total 500 ft. Drilling $26,600.00

Mud Drilling Method – Mud is used in areas where we have a lot of clay and sediment that wants to cave in on top of our drilling bit. We mix a bentonite based mud in a tank and inject it into the well as we drill. The mud coats the walls of the hole which allows the hole to not cave in on the drilling bit as we drill. Price includes PVC Liner, Gravel Pack & Well Development

Permit $600.00
Mobilization & Demobilization $2,500.00
Mud Drilling @ $100.00 per ft. $50,000.00
Total 500 ft. mud drilling, $53,100.00

What is Reverse Osmosis?

Reverse Osmosis is a process of filtration that removes many different molecules and ions out of the water by passing the water through a permeable membrane with very small holes. This means that harmful particles like chlorine, metals, and fluoride are passed out of the drinking water for a purer, fresher taste.

There are several different ways of having reverse osmosis in your home. The most popular way is to use an under the sink reverse osmosis system. This requires the system to be placed underneath the kitchen sink and it takes the normal tap water flow into the system. It then goes through a very thorough process of a three step filtration; first removing the larger particles such as salt and rust. Next, it has a second layer for the smaller particles, such as molecules and ions. Finally, a reverse osmosis filter which is a thin film, allows only the finest water to pass to your lips.

Reverse Osmosis Systems are popular with many households as well as the military, Nurseries, Avocado, Citrus, Vineyards, wineries, car washes, coffee shops just to name a few places that rely on Reverse Osmosis. Business rely on clean water and reverse osmosis is a fast, easy, and effective way to ensure that.

Fell Free to call or email me if you have any Questions whatsoever.

Artesian Water Well & Filter Services

Ron Coleman 951-698-9040

Artesianwws@gmail.com

PROBLEM – CHLORIDE, Symptoms: Salty tasting drinking water.

Causes:

Chloride is naturally occurring in all natural water sources at moderately low levels. It can also get into water sources when road salts leech in to the ground or when water supplies are mixed with seawater.

Health Concerns:

Chloride typically does not affect humans unless there is an abnormally large amount in the water supply. This can be detrimental to those on a low sodium diet. Chloride is an essential electrolyte that helps to maintain pH, transmit nerve impulses and regulate cellular fluids. A typical person has about 81.7g of chloride their body.

The adverse effects of chloride are primarily aesthetic or plumbing-related:
– Excessive chloride (above 250mg/L) can make drinking water taste salty.
– When concentrated, chloride can cause corrosion of metal piping. Iron is leached into water from metal pipes when high levels of chloride are present.
– Chloride is the main cause of pitting of stainless steel.
– Chloride combines with hydrogen to produce hydrochloric acid.

Action Level:

250 mg/l

More Information:

Chloride is one of the most prevalent anions found in water, commonly combining with the cations sodium, calcium, and magnesium to form salts. Chlorides have a wide range of uses; they’re used in foods, de-icing salts for roads, fertilizers, animal feeds, and chemical manufacturing.

Chlorides arrive in surface and ground water both naturally, as from sea water, and as a result of human activity. Chloride levels in most waters range from 10 to 100 mg/l, and sea water contains over 30,000 mg/l of sodium chloride. Chloride levels may increase with water treatment involving chlorine or chloride.

Water Treatment for Chloride:

Reverse osmosis removes around 95% of chloride, and electrodialysis and distillation are also effective. In industrial settings, strong base anion exchangers can be used.

Because of chloride’s corrosive effects, when treating water high in chloride, plastic is usually preferred to stainless steel for reverse osmosis membrane housings.

If you have any questions whatsoever please feel free to call Artesian Water Well & Filter System @ (951) 698-9040

How solar water pumps are beneficial to the agricultural community

If you talk about meeting water requirements in rural & remote regions, solar water pumps aptly fulfill the requirements. The best part of these pumps is that they don’t require any fuel and has less maintenance. If we talk about the usage of submersible pumps which are powered by solar energy then they are mainly put into use for cattle & livestock watering, wells, water transfer, irrigation and boreholes. The prices of these pumps have also come down considerably which has made these pumps more affordable.

Solar pumps are responsible for providing maximum flow of water as and when needed the most. Majority of these pumps don’t make use of batteries, the water gets pumped when the sun is shining. The water gets pumped in a storage tank, this gives an easy access to the water as and when there is requirement. Let us get to know about solar water pumps in detail –

Types –

Solar water pumps have two types – submersible and surface pumps. Let us first talk about submersible pumps, they are installed beneath the ground surface, however the solar panels are installed above the ground level. These pumps prove beneficial in the displacement of water via inside the wells to the surface. Talking about surface pumps, they are installed above the ground level and helps in displacing water via pipes. If you are looking to move large quantities of water, this type will surely fulfill your requirements efficiently. Surface pumps are extensively used in farms or large irrigation systems where the water needs to be displaced from landscaping or a lake.

Contribution to social betterment –

Solar water pumps play a better role in social development in varied ways. As the water supply system in the rural areas are less dependable, the use of solar pumps offers a safe, adequate and reliable supply of water which is also beneficial for maintaining community’s health. Other benefits of social betterment are increasing social unity within the community, more interaction within the community and reduced rate of migration.

Benefits –

Solar water pumps have various benefits; owing to this their usage is not confined to one particular region. Let us discuss its varied benefits in detail –

Solar water pumps are known for its high levels of efficiency. You get to enjoy fixed supply of water whether you need it during day or night. Yes, you might have an easy access to various better options but you cannot say no to solar pumps.

With solar water pumps, you get to enjoy significant savings. The key reason behind this is that it gets its power directly from the sun and you get deliverance from hefty electricity bills.

Reducing its energy consumption, it is an environment-friendly option.
Solar water pumps also enjoy longevity. These pumps are built using sturdy and durable components which help in offering long life to the pump.

You always cannot depend on electricity; this is where solar energy comes handy in powering the water pumps. Nowadays, solar water pumps can be purchased through Artesian Water Well & Filter Services @ 951-698-9040

UNDERSTANDING HOME REVERSE OSMOSIS SYSTEMS

What is the Reverse Osmosis (RO) Process?

Reverse Osmosis Systems (RO) : Water pressure is used to force water molecules through a very fine membrane leaving the contaminants behind. Purified water is collected from the “clean” or “permeate” side of the membrane, and water containing the concentrated contaminants is flushed down the drain from the “contaminated” or “concentrate” side. The average RO system is a unit consisting of a sediment/chlorine pre filter, the reverse-osmosis membrane, a storage tank, and an activated-carbon post filter.

Reverse osmosis removes salt and most other inorganic material present in the water, and for that reason, RO lends itself to use in places where the drinking water is brackish (salty), contains nitrates or other dissolved minerals which are difficult to remove by other methods.

Stages of Filtration

The modern RO system is a unit consisting of a sediment pre-filter to remove particulates, turbidity, sand and rust; an activated carbon pre-filter to remove the chlorine, pesticides, herbicides, disinfectants, and VOCs which might otherwise damage the reverse osmosis membrane; the reverse-osmosis membrane which removes virtually everything such as heavy metals, lead, salt, chromium and dissolved solids; a storage tank, and an activated-carbon post filter. The carbon post filter or polishing filter is necessitated by the demineralized, slightly acidic RO water attacking the rubber inside the storage tank, dissolving some of the rubber. This can be avoided by remineralizing the water prior to storage.

Sediment Stage: removes rough particles, sand and rust.

Carbon stage: removes chlorine and chemicals which would otherwise damage the TFC reverse osmosis membrane.

Multiple carbon stages my be necessary at this point depending on the carbon quality and contact time.

Reverse osmosis stage: removes dissolved solids nd virtually everything larger than the water molecule itself. This is where the bulk of the purification is accomplished.

Remineralization Stage: water purified by reverse osmosis is highly pure and slightly acidic. The mineralizer system then remineralizes with calcium and magnesium to balance the pH, improve the taste and introduce healthy minerals.

Storage tank

Optional or application specific water treatment stage(s): UV filter to destroy microorganisms, nitrate/arsenic/fluoride/deionization selective filters to remove whatever small amount remains of these contaminants.

Final Carbon stage: also known as a “polishing” filter this carbon filter removes any tastes or odors the acidic RO water has “picked up” from the storage tank. In other words the acidic water produced from systems without the Artesian Full Contact technology will dissolve some of the rubber in the storage tank which the final carbon filter then removes.

Reverse Osmosis Purity

Reverse osmosis removes salt and most other dissolved inorganic material present in the water, and for that reason, reverse osmosis water filters are usually used in places where the drinking water is brackish (salty), contains nitrates, radionucliatides, heavy metals or other dissolved minerals which are difficult to remove by other methods. Using a quality carbon filter to remove any organic materials and chemicals that get through the sediment pre-filter, in conjunction with RO produces water with a purity that approaches distilled water is important for any house water filtration system. Microscopic parasites (including viruses) are usually removed by RO units, but any defect or micro-tear in the membrane will allow these organisms to pass into the ‘clean” water. This is why RO systems are not rated to remove microorganisms except when an Ultraviolet Light filter is incorporated into the system.

Reverse Osmosis Efficiency and Waste

Though slower than a water filter, RO systems can typically purify more water per day than distillers. Also, they do not use electricity, but RO systems do produce waste water. One or more gallons of concentrated waste water are flushed down the drain for every gallon of filtered water that is produced.

The different ways to dispose of Brine Waste:

Drill deep disposal well below the fresh water zone. In California this would be a class II disposal well.

Passive evaporation ponds.

Wetlands with a plant life designed to cleanse high salts in waste water.

Enhanced Evaporation.

Sewer System.

Leach lines.

Mix concentrate from R.O. with well or city water and lower the salts to expectable levels to release in a river or stream.

If you have any Questions whatsoever PLEASE FEEL FREE to call Artesian Water Well & Filter Services at 951-698-9040

The Drought’s Effect on Water Quality Here in Southern California

California is in the grips of the worst drought it has experienced in the last century. The focus thus far has been on water conservation, reclamation, and alternative sources—and rightfully so, given the lack of water available in the State. There is, however, another potential water issue related to the drought looming in the shadows, of less immediate concern but deserving of concern nonetheless. That issue is water quality.

Certainly water quality is contingent on water quantity, which is why California public policy makers, water professionals, and residents have and are continuing to concentrate on ways to conserve and replenish the water supply.

“In this case, quantity is more crucial than quality; We need water first,” But despite the importance of quantity, it cannot come at the expense of quality. The drought is likely having a negative impact on water quality in three major areas: domestic consumption, agriculture, and wildlife.

In terms of domestic consumption that potential impacts on water quality stem, in part, from lowered turnover in water mains and water storage tanks. As the water sits, particularly on hot summer days, there is greater risk of chlorine degradation and potential formation of disinfection byproducts.

The design of water systems to meet fire flows presents the challenge of keeping water fresh to begin with, Cutting usage by 25 percent creates an even bigger challenge, to keep water fresh.

The lack of rainfall is also problematic. Any time you’re not getting rainfall and runoff from ambient basins, you’re basins are going to degrade. This means that when those basins are recovered, the water extracted is of potentially poorer quality.

Southern California receives a significant amount of its water supply from Northern California. Therefore, drought effects on Northern California—such as limited rainfall, drier conditions, and changes in inflow into the Delta—all have the potential to negatively affect water quality in Southern California. One such problem is increased level of TDS in potable drinking water, which translates into increased levels in discharges into wastewater treatment plants and increased levels in groundwater.

Another significant contributor to the Southern California water supply is the Colorado River, which is naturally salty. Historically we have blended down the salt with sweeter Delta water, but the drought has affected the import of Delta water so we have more Colorado River water, which means we have less salt dilution. Over time this will be a problem. Salt build up is a challenge when it comes to water recycling.

Every time humans touch water it gets saltier. If you’re going to follow that drop in its cycle, every time a person uses it, it becomes saltier. Every time we put it on our yards, it becomes saltier. So in what we collect—either through runoff or wastewater sewer plants—there is salt.”

Salt is hard to treat. The Santa Ana region has desalters which push the water through membranes and separate NaCl (salt) from H2O (water). The salt is then conveyed via a brine line to Orange County where it is treated and put it into the ocean. Unfortunately, other major Southern California counties, like Los Angeles and San Diego, don’t have these systems and, therefore, have a harder time treating salt build up.

In terms of agriculture, salt management is a silent killer. Agricultural farmers used to flood irrigate their crops, which was inefficient from a conservation aspect but effective in moving the salt to below root level. Drip irrigation and limited water use do not move the salt, resulting in buildup that will likely have a long-term negative impact on agricultural production because many crops are salt sensitive.

Of course, if salt is building up due to limited water use, other minerals and contaminants may be building up as well. One such likely contaminant is perchlorate, which is a legacy problem in the region having entered the groundwater from past industrial and farming practices.

The drought is also drying up lakes and rivers, creating water quality issues for the wildlife that inhabit such bodies of water. Examples include the Salton Sea and Lake Elsinore here in Southern California. Lake Elsinore has been managed really well and they’ve been able to keep fish kills to a minimum, but the drought poses a serious challenge for water quantity and quality for lakes.

These, of course, are only a few of the challenges and potential ramifications of the drought. Despite being years into this historic drought, we are still in the early stages of understanding its full impact on water quality. This is in part because the focus is currently on water quantity, but also because it may take another few years before we begin to see more significant damage to water quality in California. Working toward high water quality is a continuous and steadfast process.

So what does the future hold for water quality in Southern California?

We should focus on more sophisticated water recycling programs, utilization of TDS source waters further down the watershed, greater collaboration between agencies, program compensation for less expensive salt treatment, and more groundwater cleanup and use and development of more conservation-friendly strategies to preserve water quality.

The irony in a drought is that as water stagnates in the distribution system, the remedy is flushing the system to waste. This is not what we want to do nor is it what our conserving customers want to see. “Future strategies will be needed to prevent wasting of flushed water.”

In addition to focusing on water quality issues affecting domestic consumption, agriculture, and wildlife, that there will likely be more investigation into the potential influence of the drought on constituents other than salt—such as perchlorate, arsenic, and hexavalent chromium—because such constituents are more harmful to human health and therefore greater threats to water quality.

While the extent to which the drought will negatively affect water quality in Southern California is still unclear, there is one known truth succinctly.

“As the drought continues—and we have every reason to believe it will—we have to make every drop go as far as possible.”

Artesian Water Well & Filter Services (951) 698-9040

Water Well Pumping Systems

What are the different types of household well pumps? Two types of pumps dominate the household well market today—jet pumps and submersible pumps. Jet pumps are mounted above the ground, often in a small enclosure. Submersible pumps, as the name suggests, are housed under water down in the well.

When should a jet pump be used, and how does it work? Jet pumps are most often used for shallow wells up to a depth of 25 feet or so, although jet pump technology can be configured to pump water from several hundred feet deep. Jet pumps use suction created by a vacuum to lift water out of the well through a pipe installed in the well. The vacuum is created when an impeller—a rotor that spins at a high speed—drives water through a small nozzle. This creates the vacuum that allows atmospheric pressure to move water up the well. Because water is used to create the suction, jet pumps generally must be “primed,” that is, filled with water to work.

When should a submersible pump be used, and how does it work? Submersible pumps can be used at shallow depths or in deeper wells. They push water up through a pipe installed in the well instead of pulling it with suction. Cylindrical in shape, submersible pumps fit into the well casing, which is the vertical pipe that extends down into the ground. The cylinder houses the pump motor as well as a series of impellers stacked on top of each other. These impellers drive water up through the pump and into a pipe (drop pipe) attached to the top of the pump. This drop pipe is installed within the casing, and the top of the drop pipe is connected to the distribution pipe that exits the well and runs to the house. The pump is connected to a power source by wires that run up alongside the drop pipe and out the top of the well casing. Because submersible pumps move more water with the same size motor, they are more efficient than jet pumps. One possible disadvantage is that submersible pumps must be removed from the well to be serviced. But submersible pumps can be very reliable, not requiring service for years or even decades.

What is the relationship of the pump to water pressure? Part of a household water well pumping system is the pressure tank, usually located in the house. These typically are 20 to 80 gallons in size and deliver water under pressure so that the pump doesn’t have to operate every time water is used. The pressure tank prevents a tremendous amount of wear and tear on the pump.

Are there other ways to maintain good water pressure? Variable frequency drive (VFD) pumping systems vary the speed of the pump motor to deliver the amount of water needed under pressure on demand. The motors of variable speed pumps can vary the run speed from one half up to one and a half times faster than those with constant speeds. And VFD systems require only a small pressure tank of two to four gallons. Sometimes another way to provide constant water pressure is installation of a control valve between the pump and the pressure tank. This valve automatically adjusts flow from the well pump to maintain a preset pressure. It can be a good, economic solution to certain water pressure problems.

Where can I get more information? Call Artesian Water Well & Filter Services at (951) 698-9040 and Ron will answer any question you may have.

Water Well Submersibale and Booster Pumps, Pressure Tanks, Storage Tanks and Filter Systems